Andaman & Nicobar is one of the union territories of India. It lies in the Bay of Bengal. And forms archipelago between Bay of Bengal between India to the west and Myanmar to the north and east.
Port Blair is the capital of this union Territory & The territory is divided into 3 districts: Nicobar District with Car Nicobaras capital, South Andaman district with Port Blair as capital and North and Middle Andaman district with Mayabunder as capital.
There are 572 islands in the territory having an area of 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi). Of these, about 38 are permanently inhabited. The Andaman group has 325 islands which cover an area of 6,170 km2 (2,382 sq mi) while the Nicobar group has only 247 islands with an area of 1,765 km2
Andaman & Nicobar is region of Tropical climate. The climate is mainly humid throughout the year neither too hot nor too cold.
Seasons: Summer- January – April, Monsoon – May – December
Relative Humidity: 70% -90%
Temperature: 23 °C Minimum & 28 °C Maximum
Annual Rainfall: 3000 mm
Andaman & Nicobar is mainly covered with dense evergreen tropical rainforest. You will find about 2,200 varieties of plants have been recorded, out of which 200 are endemic and 1,300 do not occur in mainland India. The present forest coverage is claimed to be 86.2% of the total land area.
Though Andaman & Nicobar is a tropical rainforest climate, despite the fact, you will be surprised to know that its diversity and rich animal life.
About 270 species of birds are found in the territory; 14 of them are endemic, the majority in the Nicobar island group. Also, The territory is home for 225 different species of butterflies and moths. 10 species are endemic to these Islands. Mount Harriet National Park is one of the richest areas of butterfly and moth diversity to spot.