- Bhutan is on the southern slopes of the eastern Himalayas, landlocked between the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and the Indian states of Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam to west and south and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh to the east.
2. Bhutan is geopolitically in South Asia. Thimphu is its capital and largest city, and Phuntsholing is its financial center.
3. Druk Yul — the local name for Bhutan — means “Land of the Thunder Dragon.” The dragon appears on the Bhutanese flag.
4. Bhutan is the only Buddhist Kingdom (Thailand is partially Buddhist).
5. The King of Bhutan handed the crown to his eldest son in 2008. At the age of 28, King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck became the youngest reigning monarch in the world.
6. The national language is Dzongkha (Bhutanese), one of 53 languages in the Tibetan language family.
7. The state religion of Bhutan is Vajrayana Buddhism. Vajrayana follows tantric Buddhist texts.
8. The national sport of Bhutan is archery. Basketball and cricket are also gaining popularity.
9. Bhutan is the first country in the world to ban the production and sales of tobacco products in 2010. In 1916, the first King of Bhutan called tobacco “the most filthy and pernicious herb.” Violators were slapped with a harsh fine of their 2 months’ salary. However, smoking in public areas is prohibited and the consumption of tobacco in private is allowed.
10. In 1999, The Bhutan king allowed the access of Television & Internet to the masses in order to modernization & become one of the last countries to adopt this change of Digital Media & Entertainment.
11. Bhutan has a mandatory national dress code. The national dress for Bhutanese men is the gho, a knee-length robe tied at the waist by a cloth belt known as the kera.
Women wear an ankle-length dress, the Kira, which is clipped at the shoulders with two identical brooches called the Koma and tied at the waist with Kera. An accompaniment to the Kira is a long-sleeved blouse, the wonju which is worn underneath the kira. A long-sleeved jacket-like garment, the toego is worn over the Kira. The sleeves of the wonju and the tego are folded together at the cuffs, inside out.
12. Bhutan is the only country which emphasizes on GNH Index (Gross National Happiness) rather than placing emphasis on GDP, Bhutan attempts to track the happiness of its population. Bhutan is the only country in the world to officially measure national happiness.
13. Inheritance (land, house, and animals) is generally passed to the eldest daughter rather than the eldest son of the family. A man often moves into the home of his new wife until he can “earn his keep.”
14. Bhutanese are forbidden to marry foreigners. Homosexuality is also forbidden by law. Polygamy is legal in Bhutan; however, the practice is not common now a days.
15. Bhutanese receive free education from the government. A heavy emphasis is placed on Buddhist teachings. Most schools have an English curriculum.